Robot Trains Are Slashing Mining Costs in Australia’s Outback – by David Stringer (Bloomberg News – July 13, 2018)

Snaking through Western Australia’s Outback, a driverless train has made the first autonomous delivery of iron ore from a Rio Tinto Group pit to a coastal port, as the No. 2 miner looks to reap the benefits from a $940 million plan deploying the world’s biggest robots.

The maiden 280-kilometer (174 mile) journey was completed Tuesday carrying a cargo of 28,000 metric tons and by the end of the year almost all of Rio’s 200 locomotives used to transport the steelmaking ingredient through the Pilbara region will travel without a driver.

It’s an extension of a step change that’s already using driverless trucks and autonomous drills on remote mine sites and moved scores of jobs to operating centers in city-based office blocks.

For Rio and its rivals, productivity improvements gained from new technology are helping to sustain efforts to trim costs and protect margins as iron ore prices wane.

“Every train driver drives a bit differently, it’s very complex and they all have different levels of performance,” Ivan Vella, managing director for rail, port and core services at Rio’s iron ore unit, said in a phone interview.

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